Sign convention of shear force, moments and torsion
2. Shear force

Sign convention

The shear force in end 1 is consistent with the external load

The shear force in end 2 is multiplied with 1

4. F > 0 , line end 1 in origo

Shear force in zdirection < 0

Moment about yaxis > 0

Note: The shear force in end 2 is multiplied with 1 and presented as result